The Different Types of Guitar Strings

VD September 09 2021

Strings are something that most people unintentionally overlook when they discuss the instrument when making a purchase. But taking the strings for granted can be detrimental. Selecting the best string can affect your performance significantly because different strings will give you a different feel and response. You will have to choose the right string depending on your habits and the genre of music you play most often.

This article will equip you with essential knowledge about the manufacturing material, functionality, and construction of various guitar strings.

Note: You can use this information to choose new strings for every string instrument since the principles are the same.

Guitar String Material

Generally, the manufacturers use five types of materials to make strings, such as nylon, steel, nickel, brass, or bronze. We can further classify these strings based on the alloy and the construction technique used to make the strings. 

We will discuss the feel and response of the primary four main strings and will not dig deep into subcategories. But the information will be more than enough to help you purchase a suitable string.

Steel and Nickel Guitar Strings

Most electric guitars use a combination of steel and nickel so that all four strings are made of steel, where the three thicker wires are coated with nickel. But recently, pure nickel and pure steel strings are also trending.

Pure steel strings are best for powerful and aggressive genres such as rock, metal, and country. Nickel strings are used where a softer and warmer response is required, such as blue or other low distortion music genres.

The Nickle-Plated Steel provides a balanced path between two extremities by offering low-end response and cutting lead tones - the best of both worlds.

Brass and Bronze Guitar Strings

Steel-string acoustic guitars have two types of strings: bronze coated and brass coated. The reason behind naming the guitar as steel-string is because the original strings are composed of steel. There seems to be not much difference between bronze-plated and brass-plated wires, but their response makes all the difference in the world.

Generally, brass strings have a brighter tone than bronze ones. The irony is that most brass strings are known as 80/20 bronze, which means they are 80% copper and 20% zinc. Do not get confused, it's just a name and not real bronze. This 80/20 composition is a symbol of brass. These strings have very bright and sharp tones, which, combined with high-end response guitars, make the sound shrill and thin. Most often, such strings are used on orchestra model guitars.

Bronze is an alloy of copper and tin, but sometimes phosphorus or aluminum replaces tin. Bronze strings have softer and warmer sounds comparatively and can play folk tones or other genres that need mellow sound.

Nylon Strings

Nylon strings are used by classical guitars whose predecessors of modern electric and acoustic guitars because their fragile build cannot bear metal strings. On the contrary, we can use nylon strings on the acoustic guitars to get a more soft and warm sound, but you should keep in mind that there will be less volume.

So if you plan on using the nylon strings with your acoustic instrument, then be prepared to play limited genres of music like folk music that needs soft and relaxing tones. You will not be able to enjoy the versatility offered by bronze and brass strings.

Guitar String Construction

Besides material, the construction of a string also has a massive impact on the string's response. The structure includes multiple factors like string core, coating, gauge, and winding type. 

But keep in mind that each string-making company has a unique approach towards using these properties which affect the response of a string. Do not hesitate to try new brands because all of them will have a different feel.

Guitar String Gauge

Gauge means to measure a specific characteristic of something. Here, by gauge, we mean the thickness of a string. The thickness will show the particular response of a string like thickness is directly proportional to the warmth and volume of the sound(more thickness means gentler and louder sound). 

Everything has its pros and cons, so thickness makes strings stiff and hard to fret. On the other side, thinner strings have a bright tone and are easy to play, they give a shrill or thin tone.

Guitar String Core

String core refers to the shape of strings. There are two types of cores: round and hex.  Hex cores have a more lively and brighter tone, synchronizing with modern music including rock and metal. Moreover, hex-core strings are a bit stiff when compared to round ones.

Round cores are often used for classic and blues due to their soft and mellow tone.

Winding Type

Modern guitar strings have three types of windings: half-round, round-wound, and flat-wound.

The standard instruments come with a round-wound winding. Round-wound offers a brighter tone and posses a textured surface.

Flatwound strings have a dark vibe to them. These strings have a flat surface and are hard to play with because of their stiffness. So they are primarily suitable for rock and metal.

Half-round strings are the medium between both flat-wound and round-wound. The tone they offer is not intense dark like flat-wound but still has a dark feeling to it. So most artists do not use it to play modern genres.

Guitar String Coating

Coating in terms of construction means that strings have a layer of plastic to make them more durable. But this coating can affect the high notes.

The strings last longer, but these strings are twice as expensive as the normal ones. We do not recommend using these strings unless you sweat a lot when playing.

Conclusion

Finding the best strings for yourself will not be an easy process, and it will take time. Even with the primary knowledge about the strings through this article, the best practice will be to get hands-on experience by trying different strings and guitar string brands. The strings are very affordable, so you can easily experiment to find the best one for yourself.

FAQ

What is the best practice to find suitable strings?

Experiment with different brand strings. Hands-on experience will help you in making a good choice.

Which strings are easier to play?

Thin strings are pretty easy to play when compared to thicker strings.